The party was in high spirits, despite the difficult conditions; Shackleton's ability to communicate with each man kept the party happy and focused.[51]. They found that the Barrier Inlet had expanded to form a large bay, in which were hundreds of whales, which led to the immediate christening of the area as the Bay of Whales. He still harboured thoughts of returning south, even though in September 1910, having recently moved with his family to Sheringham in Norfolk, he wrote to Emily: "I am never again going South and I have thought it all out and my place is at home now". The doctors of Grytviken embalmed the body and a coffin was made by Mr. Hansen of nearby Leith. Ernest Shackleton was a British explorer of the South Pole who is best remembered for leading his crew to safety after the failed expedition of the Endurance (1914-16). [67] The reality was that the expedition had left Shackleton deeply in debt, unable to meet the financial guarantees he had given to backers. [140] This negative picture of Scott became accepted as the popular truth[141] as the kind of heroism that Scott represented fell victim to the cultural shifts of the late twentieth century. Shackleton suffered frostbitten fingers as a result. Shackleton immediately sent a boat to pick up the three men from the other side of South Georgia while he set to work to organise the rescue of the Elephant Island men. As Wild wrote: All hands mustered quietly and stood bareheaded as we lifted the coffin, covered by our silk white ensign, to the side of the Quest, and passed it over into a motor launch. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (February 15, 1874 – January 5, 1922) was a Polar explorer who led 3 British expeditions to Antarctica. Sir Ernest Shackleton visited South Georgia several times during his Antarctic expeditions, and indeed it was on this island that he made one of the most memorable treks in polar history. Longstaff, impressed by Shackleton's keenness, recommended him to Sir Clements Markham, the expedition's overlord, making it clear that he wanted Shackleton accepted. [38] On 9 April 1904, he married Emily Dorman, with whom he had three children: Raymond, Cecily, and Edward, himself an explorer and later a politician.[39]. The ship, after a drift of many months, had returned to New Zealand. Aboard what would become his aptly-named ship, the Endurance, he and 27 men set sail for the South Pole. He had taken aspirin but said that it was ‘no good’ and asked Macklin: ‘will you get me something which will act?’ Macklin attended to Shackleton’s need for some further blankets. London, 1923. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (; 15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a British Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. [148] In 2002, Channel 4 produced Shackleton, a TV serial depicting the 1914 expedition with Kenneth Branagh in the title role. Ernest Shackleton, died of pneumonia in Philadelphia. In 1909, Shackleton and three companions went closer to the South Pole than anyone had previously gone. [90], For almost two months, Shackleton and his party camped on a large, flat floe, hoping that it would drift towards Paulet Island, approximately 250 miles (402 km) away, where it was known that stores were cached. [21] He also participated, with the scientists Edward Adrian Wilson and Hartley Ferrar, in the first sledging trip from the expedition's winter quarters in McMurdo Sound, a journey which established a safe route on to the Great Ice Barrier. Frank Worsley was captain again, Frank Wild was Shackleton’s deputy, and Alexander Macklin was one of three doctors. [150] That same year, on the date of what would have been Shackleton's 137th birthday, Google honored him with a Google Doodle. Shackleton returned to the lecture circuit and published his own account of the Endurance expedition, South, in December 1919. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO OBE FRGS FRSGS (/ˈʃækəltən/; 15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was an Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. In the early hours of the next morning, Shackleton summoned the expedition's physician, Alexander Macklin,[126] to his cabin, complaining of back pains and other discomfort. [145] Shackleton has also been cited as a model leader by the US Navy, and in a textbook on Congressional leadership, Peter L Steinke calls Shackleton the archetype of the "nonanxious leader" whose "calm, reflective demeanor becomes the antibiotic warning of the toxicity of reactive behaviour". [62][65] Shackleton was also appointed a Younger Brother of Trinity House, a significant honour for British mariners. (equivalent to £30,590 in 2019[132]) which he bequeathed to his wife. Unqualified as a diplomat, he was unsuccessful in persuading Argentina and Chile to enter the war on the Allied side. The journey was 800 miles, and he only had a single lifeboat, the James Caird. Ernest Shackleton, in full Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, (born February 15, 1874, Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland—died January 5, 1922, Grytviken, South Georgia), Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who attempted to reach the South Pole. Shackleton's first experience of the polar regions was as third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery expedition of 1901–1904, from which he was sent home early on health grounds, after he and his companions Scott and Edward Adrian Wilson set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S. Shackleton chose five companions for the journey: Frank Worsley, Endurance's captain, who would be responsible for navigation; Tom Crean, who had "begged to go"; two strong sailors in John Vincent and Timothy McCarthy, and finally the carpenter McNish. Bruce, who had failed to acquire financial backing, was happy that Shackleton should adopt his plans,[73] which were similar to those being followed by the German explorer Wilhelm Filchner. [136], During the ensuing decades Shackleton's status as a polar hero was generally outshone by that of Captain Scott, whose polar party had by 1925 been commemorated on more than 30 monuments in Britain alone, including stained glass windows, statues, busts and memorial tablets. We caught up with co … When all the necessary arrangements had been made, the coffin was brought ashore. [133] Lady Shackleton survived her husband by 14 years, dying in 1936. He was, as a shipmate recorded, "a departure from our usual type of young officer", content with his own company though not aloof, "spouting lines from Keats [and] Browning", a mixture of sensitivity and aggression but, withal, sympathetic. Wild called it quits drifted slowly northward with the ice and its later movements put pressures! 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