同年11月までは唯一の公式通貨であった。. On Wednesday, the bank unveiled a foreign exchange trading system that effectively devalued its quasi-currency, the bond note, which was officially pegged at parity with the US dollar. The Zimbabwean Dollar is the currency of Zimbabwe. RTGSドル (RTGS dollar)は、 2019年 6月に導入された ジンバブエ の 通貨 である。. But now, the RTGS dollar will trade at a managed floating exchange rate. ジンバブエ・ドルは、かつてジンバブエが発行し存在した法定通貨。ジンバブエ準備銀行が発行していた法定通貨でもあった。通貨の補助単位はセントで、1ドル=100セントとなっている。通貨の記号は$または、他のドルと区別するためZ$が一般的に使用された。 ジンバブエ中央銀行は24日、今年2月に導入した暫定通貨「RTGSドル」を唯一の法定通貨とし、米ドルなど外国通貨の法貨としての利用を禁止した。 Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) Governor John Mangudya With immediate effect, bond notes and all electronic money, would be merged into a new currency to be called the RTGs dollar … While more than 80% of Zimbabweans earn RTGS dollars, goods ranging from bricks to groceries have their prices pegged in U.S. dollars. It initially suggested that it should trade at 2.5 RTGS dollars … [4][5]The currency was made up of bond coins, bond notesand RTGSbalances. The RTGS dollar was introduced on 21 February 2019 as part of the February 2019 Monetary Policy that was enacted by the Governor of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, John Mangudya. Over time, hyperinflation in Zimbabwe reduced the Zimbabwe dollar to one of the lowest valued currency units in the world. Obtenez des taux Dollar du Zimbabwe, des actualités et des faits. Vous pouvez en outre bénéficier de services Zimbabwe Dollar comme les transferts d’argent à bas … The RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement) dollar was introduced by the government on February 22 as the first step towards a new currency by year-end. What does this mean? Monday’s move “has all the hallmarks of a hastily concocted measure to stop the downward spiral of the RTGS dollar against other currencies”, Veritas, a civil rights watchdog, said. Historically, the Zimbabwean RTGS Dollar reached an all time high of 82.15 in August of 2020. But the original Zimbabwe dollar … Zimbabwe announced it would abandon the use of foreign currencies which replaced the local dollar that was wiped out by hyperinflation ten years ago. The government has said it wants the price of the RTGS dollar to be determined by the market. Fuel prices were increased the official rate which started at around $2.5 RTGS for each US dollar … The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe has with immediate effect denominated bond notes and coins replacing it with what they called RTGS dollars. Zimbabwe adopted the US dollar as its official currency in 2009, when most Zimbabweans had already ditched the hyperinflation-wrecked Zimbabwe Dollar. The original bond notes were introduced in 2016 to ease US Dollar cash shortages at the time. Zimbabwe October Inflation Rate Falls to 9-Month Low, Zimbabwe Leaves Key Interest Rate Steady at 35%, Zimbabwe Monthly Inflation Rate at 7-Month Low of 16.55%, WTI Crude Prices Drop 1.9%, Book Weekly Loss, US Stocks Book Weekly Gain, Nasdaq Lands Fresh High, European Stocks Drop for 2nd Session on Friday, South African Stocks Edge Lower but Post Weekly Gain, US Crude Inventories Jump for 1st Time in 6 Weeks, Slovakia Current Account Deficit at EUR 106.5M. However, by last week it had plunged 60 percent against the U.S. dollar and some Zimbabweans complain that many goods and services are still priced in foreign currencies, mainly the dollar and the rand. * Zimbabwe declares RTGS dollar only allowable legal tender * Black market demand for foreign currencies still strong * Most goods still priced in foreign currencies … The RTGS Dollar was introduced as the official currency of Zimbabwe by the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe in February 2019. He was talking about what appears to be a new currency in the country. ZWL stands for the Zimbabwe Local currency. However the latest iteration of … Direct access to our calendar releases and historical data. The Zimbabwean dollar was introduced in 1980 to directly replace the Rhodesian dollar (which had been introduced in 1970) at par (1:1), at a similar value to the US dollar. The RTGS dollars will be used by all entities in Zimbabwe for the purposes of pricing of goods and services, debts, accounting and settlement of transactions. Under the new law, the RTGS dollar is at par with the Zimbabwe unit. [6] The original bond notes were introduced in 2016 to ease US Dollar cash shortages at the time. Zimbabwe’s authorities have been struggling to close the gap between the official and black-market exchange rates since the government effectively devalued its currency, known as … Mugano says the bond note and the RTGS dollar, the Zimbabwe dollar’s predecessor, have failed to act as a store of value, forcing ordinary Zimbabweans and … John Panonetsa Mangudya, the governor of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, introduced the RTGS dollars as a currency to trade along the other currencies in the domestic market. It is a return to Zimbabwe’s original sovereign currency after independence in 1980. Our currency rankings show that the most popular Zimbabwe Dollar exchange rate is the ZWD to USD rate . Zimbabwe’s new “currency” the “RTGS Currency” which was recently introduced by the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe governor John Panonetsa is currency rated as the strongest currency on the African continent. Trading Economics members can view, download and compare data from nearly 200 countries, including more than 20 million economic indicators, exchange rates, government bond yields, stock indexes and commodity prices. The RTGS dollar was introduced on 21 February 2019 as part of the February 2019 Monetary Policy that was enacted by the Governor of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, John Mangudya. Zimbabwe has brought back its own currency, the Zimbabwe dollar, just over a decade after its usefulness was destroyed by hyperinflation. The newly created RTGS dollar went on a free fall. HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwe has declared its interim currency, the RTGS dollar, the country’s sole legal tender with effect from Monday, according to … Inflation raced to … Historically, the Zimbabwean RTGS Dollar reached an all time high of 82.15 in August of 2020. Is it a new currency or new notes? Harare — Zimbabwe’s quasi-currency, the bond note — which has been pegged at par with the United States dollar since its introduction in 2017 — is now subject to market forces after monetary authorities announced the establishment of an inter-bank foreign exchange market. The “RTGS Dollars” are not tied on the 1:1 rate against the United States Dollars but will instead be sold at a variable exchange rate in the formal banking system. The Trading Economics Application Programming Interface (API) provides direct access to our data. They were renamed RTGS dollars in 2019, and in June 2019 became the only legal currency in Zimbabwe, replacing the multi-currency system. The government calls it the RTGS dollar, but what is it and will it solve the country's cash problem? The Zimbabwean RTGS Dollar traded at 80.1284 on Friday October 9. Zimbabwe introduces RTGS dollar to solve currency problem Money changers have plenty of cash, but charge a commission “Nobody knows what it is,” is the verdict of Zimbabwe’s former trade minister and now opposition politician Nkosana Moyo. Source: Zimbabwe introduces RTGS dollar to solve currency problem – BBC News Money changers have plenty of cash, but charge a commission “Nobody knows what it is,” is the verdict of Zimbabwe’s former trade minister and now opposition politician Nkosana Moyo. Zimbabwe started Friday to trade its new currency, the RTGS dollar, two days after the central bank announced measures to try and resolve a chronic monetary crisis. How much is an RTGS dollar worth? What is the RTGS Dollar in Zimbabwe? RTGSドル(RTGS dollar)は、2019年6月に導入されたジンバブエの通貨である。同年11月までは唯一の公式通貨であった。, 2019年2月21日にジンバブエ準備銀行(英語版)総裁ジョン・マングディヤ(英語版)によって制定された金融政策の一環として導入された[1][2]。この通貨は債券硬貨、債券紙幣、RTGS残高で構成される[3]。当初の債券紙幣(ジンバブエ債券(英語版))は、当時の米ドルの現金不足を緩和するために2016年に導入されたものである。2019年にはRTGSドルと改名され、2019年6月にはマルチカレンシー制度に代わってジンバブエで唯一の合法通貨となった[4]。ジンダラー(Zimdollar)[5]やゾラー(zollar)[6]とも呼ばれる。, RTGSドルのインフレ率が300%を超えた2019年10月29日、中央銀行は2019年11月中旬に導入される「新しい」通貨を発表した[7][8]。この「新しい」通貨は当初、RTGSドルと並んで取引され、同等の価値とされていたが、RTGSドルのような裏付けはなかった[8][9]。, しかし、RTGSドルの中心的な目的は、ジンバブエが直面している経済的・金融的課題に対処することであり、特に政府が保有している外貨の相対的な不足に対処することであった[4]。公式には以下のものが含まれている。, 公式には当初、1米ドル=2.50RTGSドル(1RTGSドル=0.40米ドル)とされていたが、オープン市場ではそうではなく、2019年上半期には1米ドル=7RTGSドルから1米ドル=13RTGSドルの間で変動した[11][12][13][14]。2020年3月までに、1米ドル=25RTGSドルでペッグする試みが行われた[15]が、インフレは継続しており、この試みは断念された[16][17]。, 2020年7月期の年間インフレ率は、ジンバブエ国家統計局(英語版)(ZIMSTAT)の報告によれば837.53%だった[18]。, 為替レートは、RTGSドルの発表に伴いジンバブエ準備銀行が設置したオークション市場での需要と供給の力によって決定される。この市場は銀行間外貨両替市場と呼ばれ、銀行と外貨両替店で構成されている[19]。, 2019年2月にRTGSドルが導入された時点で、ジンバブエでは米ドル、南アフリカランド、中国人民元などの外貨が混在して使用されていた[20]。2019年6月には、新たな国家通貨の導入計画の一環として、現地取引における外貨の使用が禁止された[4]。, しかし、インフレーションで現物紙幣の不足が生じ、2020年3月に再び米ドルの現地使用が認められた[21]。政府は、現地取引での米ドルの使用許可は一時的なものに過ぎないとしている[22]が、2020年6月にはすでにジンバブエの公務員の中には、ハイパーインフレーションの影響で、給料の支払いを米ドルで要求する者も出てきていた[16]。, Banks Given Two Weeks To Separate Nostro US Dollar Accounts And Local RTGS/Bond Accounts, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-47361572, “Why Zimbabwe has banned foreign currencies”, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-48757080, “Hyperinflation trauma: Zimbabweans' uneasy new dollar”, https://www.aljazeera.com/ajimpact/hyperinflation-trauma-zimbabweans-uneasy-dollar-190702223340179.html, “Zimbabwe struggles to keep its fledgling currency alive”, https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/2019/05/23/zimbabwe-struggles-to-keep-its-fledgling-currency-alive, https://www.bbc.com/news/business-46985441, “Zimbabwe is getting another 'new' currency”, https://www.aljazeera.com/ajimpact/zimbabwe-currency-191029204042086.html. 2019-2020 Data | 2021-2023 Forecast | Quote | Chart. ZWL is the official ISO 4217 Currency code for the Zimbabwe Dollar. The currency code for Dollars is ZWD, and the currency symbol is Z$. Zimbabwe’s Minister of Finance Mthuli Ncube banned the multi-currency regime and renamed the RTGS currency to Zimbabwe dollar effective today, 24 June 2019. 2019年2月21日に ジンバブエ準備銀行 ( 英語版 ) 総裁 ジョン・マングディヤ ( 英語版 ) によって制定された金融政策の一環として導入された 。. The central bank made it … It allows API clients to download millions of rows of historical data, to query our real-time economic calendar, subscribe to updates and receive quotes for currencies, commodities, stocks and bonds. Publish your articles and forecasts in our website. The rate today is 2.50 per U.S. dollar, not par, as it used to be. Monetary Policy Statement: Establishment of an Inter-bank Foreign Exchange Market to Restore Competitiveness, “Zimbabwe takes a big gamble in its bid to dump the greenback”, https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2019-07-01-zimbabwe-takes-a-big-gamble-in-its-bid-to-dump-the-greenback/, https://www.newsday.co.zw/2019/06/rtgs-dollar-plunges-by-140/, “Zimbabwe's Quasi-Currency Continues on Its Precipitous Slide”, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-06-04/zimbabwe-s-quasi-currency-continues-on-its-precipitous-slide, “Zimbabwe brings back US dollar peg for fictional currency”, https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2020-03-30-zimbabwe-brings-back-us-dollar-peg-for-fictional-currency/, “Zimbabwe Steps Closer to Hyperinflation With 737.3% Annual Rate”, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-07-14/zimbabwe-continues-its-march-back-to-hyperinflation, “Zimbabwe’s worst economic crisis in more than a decade”, https://www.economist.com/middle-east-and-africa/2020/07/11/zimbabwes-worst-economic-crisis-in-more-than-a-decade, Zimbabwe’s RTGS dollars explained | IOL Business Report, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-26034078, “Zimbabwe is on lockdown, but money-changers are still busy”, https://www.aljazeera.com/ajimpact/zimbabwe-lockdown-money-changers-busy-200414215412998.html, “Zimbabwe to start phasing out use of US dollars at the end of 2022”, https://www.polity.org.za/article/zimbabwe-to-start-phasing-out-use-of-us-dollars-at-the-end-of-2022-2020-04-16, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=RTGSドル&oldid=79862553. 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